Routes to Response: A Conceptual Framework to Detect the Effect of Oil Sands Industrial Activity on the Land

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The Oil Sands Monitoring Program is assessing the environmental impacts of oil sands development at different spatial scales.  Monitoring in the Oil Sands Region operates under a consistent framework that identifies the major pressures, stressors, pathways, and responses that lead to environmental change. This framework guides the design for land-based biological monitoring — with a focus on wildlife monitoring — and helps identify where and how oil sands stressors affect different species of birds and mammals.

The framework connects environmental responses to natural and human pressures through a complex web of pathways. A conceptual model maps out the routes to response for the terrestrial monitoring component.