Modelling Transverse Mixing of Sediment and Vanadium in a River Impacted by Oil Sands Mining Operations

Karl-Erich Lindenschmidt
Pouya Sabokruhie
Tammy Rosner
Resource Date:
Page Length

A novel, quasi-two-dimensional surface water-quality modelling approach is presented in which the model domain can be discretised in two dimensions, but a one-dimension solver can still be applied to capture water flow between the discretisation units (segments).  The approach requires a river reach to be divided into two stream tubes, along the left and right river sides, with flows exchanging through the segments longitudinally and also laterally between adjacent segments along the two streams.
New hydrological insights for the region: The new method allows the transverse mixing of tributary and outfall water of different constituent concentrations to be simulated along the course of the river. Additional diffuse loading of dissolved vanadium could be determined from the model’s substance balance. A scenario was then simulated in which the transport and fate of vanadium in a floodplain lake and a secondary channel was determined.